Out of the Powder Keg (full report)

Through the forthcoming report we hereby review Egyptian women’s conditions in 2013
The report is divided into five sections, these are:

  1. civil and political rights
  2. Social and economic rights
  3. Violence against women
  4. Some efforts of the Egyptian Center for Women’s Rights
  5. Report’s recommendations (Looking forward to the future)

First Section: civil and political rights
Women’s conditions regarding civil and political rights witnessed a withdraw worldwide, especially last year, as for Egypt, it came in the 128th rank between 135 countries regarding political empowerment of women in accordance with the Gender Gap Report issued by the World Economic Forum in 2013
In 2012, Egypt came in the 125th rank at the same report, this indicates less women empowerment in 2013.
Data of the International Parliamentary Union (IPU) in July, 2013 indicates the huge decrease in women’s empowerment in the Parliament, as Egypt came in the 139th place between 189 countries with a percentage of 2 percent for women’s representation in the Parliament, while Rwanda came in first place with a percentage of 56.3 percent for women, South Africa comes in eighth place with a percentage of 42.3 percent, Mozambique comes in the 12th rank with a percentage of 39.2 percent and Algeria comes in the 27th place with a percentage of 31.6 percent of the Algerian Parliament are women.

The following table shows the order of some countries in terms of women’s political participation according to the report of the International Parliamentary Union
Rank country Elections date Number of Parliamentary members Number of women Women’s representation percentage

Rank country Elections date Number of Parliamentary members Number of women Women’s representation percentage
1 Rwanda 9 2008 80 45 56.3%
6 Senegal 7 2012 150 64 42.7%
8 South Africa 4 2009 400 169 42.3%
12 Mozambique 10 2009 250 98 39.2%
21 Uganda 2 2011 386 135 35.0%
27 Algeria 5 2012 462 146 31.6%
36 Afghanistan 9 2010 249 69 27.7%
38 Tunisia 10 2011 217 58 26.7%
40 South Sudan 8 2011 332 88 26.5%
43 Iraq 3 2010 325 82 25.2%
46 Sudan 4 2010 354 87 24.6%
74 Kenya 3 2013 350 65 18.6%
78 United Arab Emirates 9 2011 40 7 17.5%
80 Morocco 11 2011 395 67 17.0%
83 Libya 7 2012 200 33 16.5%
95 Somalia 8 2012 275 38 13.8%
103 Jordan 1 2013 148 18 12.2%
129 Kuwait 12 2012 65 4 6.2%
136 Iran 5 2012 290 9 3.1%
139 Egypt 11 2011 508 10 2.0%
140 Oman 10 2011 84 1 1.2%
141 Yemen 4 2003 301 1 0.3%
142 Qatar 7 2010 35 0 0.0%
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