Out of the Powder Keg (full report)

  1. Women and dissolved Shura Council

Shura Council of 2012-2013 had a percentage of 4.4 % of women among its members, which were 12 members, 5 were elected and 7 were appointed out of a total number of members of 270.

The following figure shows the party affiliations of female members within the Shura Council.

The following figure shows the average use of Parliamentary members for Parliamentary oversight during the 4 months of the Parliament’s period

The following figure illustrates the Party affiliations of the female members of the Parliament who used Parliamentary oversight most effectively

2- Women and leadership positions

2013 witnessed a decrease in the percentage of women reaching senior positions and being managers, Egypt has ranked 101 between 136 countries, according to the Gender Gap report of the World Economic Forum in 2013. This is even lower than Egypt’s rank last year which was number 99.

  • Women at the Cabinet

In 2013, two Cabinets were formed; the First Cabinetwas formed in last May, during the ousted PresidentMorsi’s reign, this Cabinet had 34 Ministries with only two women as Ministers, Minister of Insurance and Social Affairs, Dr. Nagwa Khalil and Minister of Scientific Research, Dr. Nadia Zakhary, this indicates that women’s representation in the MB government was 5.8 %, these two ministers were appointed during the SCAF reign, which means that Former President Morsi did not appoint any female minister, despite his continuous allegations of him being with women’s rights.
The Second Cabinetwas last August, and although it was announced that Cabinet formation will be according to competencies, the final formation did not exceed 8 % representation of women as usual, it only had three ministers out of 35, these are Minister of Information, Dr. DoriaSharaf el-Din, Minister of environment, Dr.LailaRashedIskander and Minister of Health and Population, Maha Rabat.
It is also worth mentioning that female ministers were excluded for unprofessional reasons, such as exclusion of Dalia el-Sadany from being the Minister of Scientific research under pressure from NourSalafi party because he was unveiled and elegant!!
While she is one of the best 100 architects worldwide.
Also during Mohamed Morsi’s reign, women were dismissed from leadership positions without any justifications, like Head of the Egyptian Opera house, Dr. Enas Abdel Dayem.

  • Women and the Governor’s position

During 2013, there have been two Governors’ changes; the first was at the beginning of June, 2013 and the second one was in August, 2013 and none of those had a single woman governor, because of unstable security conditions as officials claimed, despite the massive participation of Egyptian women in revolutions and toppling Morsi and his regime under very high risks for women, and although Governors were not able to enter their headquarters except under heavy security, and it would have been better if women in higher positions were appointed as governors, they would easily have the ability to and the experience to run the government because they have relations with people inside the governorate, this would be better than putting people from outside the governorate in charge and them being under security protection, this caused women’s share of being governors to be 0%.

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