Second Section: Social and Economic rights
1- Women and education.
Egypt achieved a low rank in terms of women’s access to education, as Egypt came in the 108th place among 136 countries regarding access to education, according to the gender gap index report issued by the World Economic Forum,
In addition to vandalism and manipulation of education curricula where women’s roles have been deformed according to MB’s deeds, in an attempt to standardize women’s role in Egypt, in addition to that many teachers use discrimination against female students in schools for reasons regarding political conventions, for example:
- Ministry of Education sent a decree to all preparatory schools telling them that huge portions of “History” subject were removed from the curriculum, these partsincluded the role of Egyptian women at the beginning of the last century, her role in the 1919 revolution and finally her role in the 25th of January revolution.
- A preparatory school director at Amreya, Alexandria prevented a talented Karate student from having a memorial picture to honor them with her colleagues because she was unveiled.
2- Women and work
Women in Egypt still suffer from lack of job opportunities and economic participation, as Egypt comes in the 125th place among 136 countries in the world regarding job opportunities for women and economic participation, this rank is worse than last year’s rank, as Egypt came in the 124th place last year, this indicates the deterioration of Egypt regarding women’s rights.
There are many obstacles regarding competing with men for job opportunities according to the World Bank report:
- Women are still struggling against many boundaries regarding freedom of movement and choice.
- The poor quality of education and the gap between education and the talents needed by the private sector.
- Employers consider women less productive than men
- Women have fears regarding stigmatizing their reputation and for their own safety when working at the private sector. (5. The World Bank Report, Gender Equality and Development in the Middle East and North Africa)
After the revolutions in January 25 and June 30, there is unprecedented chance to practice pressures to apply crucial procedures to empower women to compete men strongly and equally in the labor market. This will also help allowing women to economic participation.